Many research applications require a highly accurate control of low flow rates. In this blog, we demonstrate our combination of a Coriolis sensor (in this case we use a Bronkhorst ML120) with an Equilibar dome loaded back pressure regulator. Scroll down to read the blog or watch the video first:
Normally, step 1 in fluid control is the flow sensor:
For measuring minuscule flow rates, Coriolis sensors have become available. The accuracy of Coriolis flow sensors is unsurpassed: Commercially available sensors can already handle flow rates starting at a few milligrams per hour! From an instrumentation point of view, this is a truly exceptional achievement. Especially so, considering that flow measurement is based on a frequency shift of a steel tube initiated by the impulse from the mass of the molecules.
Subsequently, step 2 is selecting the valve to control your low flow rates:
For low pressure (up to 10 bar gauge), suppliers of Coriolis sensors often offer adequate valves. In the case of higher pressures (above 10 bar gauge), these are often not capable of handling the pressure drop and/or flow rangeability.
However, Equilibar ® dome-loaded precision back pressure valves are designed to handle high pressure drops and offer an extremely large flow rangeability. These valves are capable of handling extremely low flow rates with large pressure drop very precisely. The actuation of the valve happens by modulating the pilot pressure at the dome of the dome-loaded valve, pushing and releasing a diaphragm on and from multiple orifices. The result is a force balance between the reference (dome) pressure and the pressure upstream of the dome-loaded valve.
A characteristic of the Coriolis sensor is the pressure drop over the long and narrow measuring tube. This pressure drop can be used as an advantage: When an increasing flow results in an increasing pressure drop over the flow sensor, the reference pressure needs to decrease accordingly. The pressure drop over the sensor creates a control bandwidth for the reference pressure, enabling to exactly regulate the – fluctuating – reference pressure that is required to achieve constant flow through the flow control set-up.
See also the schematic above as well as this blog on flow control to learn more about how we can solve flow control challenges with this set-up.
The video below demonstrates how we combine a Coriolis sensor (in this case we use a Bronkhorst ML120) and an Equilibar dome loaded valve actuated upon the feedback signal of the sensor. This particular combination handles a flow rangeability from 0,1…200 gr/h of liquid or gas with an accuracy of 0,02 gr/h.
Additionally – although not shown in this video – we used the same hardware to also test higher flow rates up to 500 gr/h. We found that above 200-300 gr/h of compressed air the pressure drop starts to increase rapidly (up to 15 bar gauge). By increasing the inlet pressure to 200 bar, we could control up to from 0,1…500 gr/h with one single device. A stunning 1:5.000 ratio!
With wetted parts of SS316 (optionally Hastelloy 276), PTFE, and Kalrez (or Viton) this is the most versatile combination for low flow control available in the market today.
Feel free to contact us to learn more and discuss the possibilities for your process.
PCS & Equilibar will host a joint booth on this leading event in Germany on May 31 and June 1, 2022. Join us there!